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Fedora 18 Install

Installing LON-CAPA on a minimal Fedora 18 Linux System

This document guides you through the process of setting up a new LON-CAPA server running Fedora 18 with a minimum of packages installed. The computer will be configured solely as a LON-CAPA server and will be expected to have no other services running. Your server is expected to have a reasonably fast connection to the internet.

More information is available at http://install.lon-capa.org/.

Before you begin

Installing Linux is getting easier and easier. You will be required to log in to the machine and execute some routine Unix commands. Familiarity with the Apache web server, mod_perl, perl, and MySQL are not required to install and run LON-CAPA.

Installation Overview

The installation process takes the following steps:

  1. Obtain Fedora 18 installation DVD or net install CD
  2. Determine Network Settings
  3. Install Fedora 18
  4. Update your system
  5. Install LON-CAPA
  6. Create a Domain Coordinator
  7. Start/Restart services
  8. Log in to LON-CAPA

1. Obtain Fedora 18

Fedora 18 ISO files can be obtained from the project's main site, http://fedoraproject.org/. You can either download an iso image(s) of the full distribution for burning to DVD, or to CDs, or you can download a single net install for burning to CD. If you use the net install CD, after booting from the CD, and selecting "Installation," you will need to select HTTP as the installation source, and specify the host and path to Fedora 18 files for your particular architecture, e.g.,
Host: http://mirrors.kernel.org/
Path: fedora/releases/18/Fedora/i386/os/

2. Determine Network Settings

You will need to know the following network settings for your installation. Note:You must have a static IP address to use LON-CAPA. DHCP is not supported.

  • ip address
  • netmask
  • hostname
  • gateway
  • domain name server(s)

3. Minimal Fedora 18 Install

Installing Fedora is quite easy if you've installed any of the Red Hat products before. Some documentation is available from the Fedora Installation guide. Most of the installation screens are self explanatory. There are a few steps that require comment and are dealt with below.

Installation Language
Use English as your installation language.
Installation Type
If this is a fresh install choose "Install Fedora". If updating from a previous LON-CAPA installation on an earlier Fedora version (e.g., Fedora14 or Fedora15) you may prefer to choose the upgrade option, although if you established a separate partition for /home it will be faster to perform an install instead of an upgrade, and use "Create Custom Layout" to set up partitions - making sure to select the "unchanged data" option for the /home partition, in order to preserve your existing LON-CAPA data. A full back-up to tape or some external system is also strongly advised when updating the Fedora distribution in use on an existing LON-CAPA server.
Partitioning your Drive
For a fresh install may want to use the automatic partitioning feature of the installer, however you should review the results and be prepared to modify them. If you want to customize partitioning use "Create Custom Layout". LON-CAPA resource files are stored in the /home directory, so the majority of the disk space should be allocated here. If you have 20 GB of space for Fedora 18, /home should receive at least 10 to 12 gigs. Since MySQL uses the /var filesystem to store its databases you should have at least 4 gigs of space available on /var. Be sure to include adequate swap space. A minimum is 512 Megs, but you should typically have 1 or 2x as much swap space as you do physical RAM.
Network Configuration
LON-CAPA will not work with a machine set up to use a dynamic IP address. When configuring your network card, be sure to unselect the DHCP option and enter in your network information.
Uncheck the "Office and Productivity" software option. Click the "Customize Now" radio button and for a minimal install uncheck all packages except "Base" in the Base System category.

Finish installing your server, reboot it, and log in as root. The first time you log-in, the Setup Agent will be displayed. If you have not already done so you can use this to configure your network interface.

Exit the Setup Agent

Configure SELinux

The default Fedora 18 installation includes SELinux enabled. Until such time as an SELinux security policy has been created for LON-CAPA, SELinux should be disabled. Retrieve the loncapa_selinux_config file from the LON-CAPA install site:

wget http://install.loncapa.org/versions/fedora/18/loncapa_selinux_config

Install the selinux config file

mv /etc/selinux/config /etc/selinux/config.backup
mv loncapa_selinux_config /etc/selinux/config

Firewall Configuration

To configure the firewall settings, use the system-config-firewall utility. Execute:


Firewall Configuration
Select Security Level: Enabled, and allow incoming: SSH (remote login), WWW (HTTP) and secure WWW (HTTPS).

Exit the system-config-firewall

4. Update your system

Update your system to the latest versions of the system software using yum. Yum is configured to check encyption keys for the packages it installs, so you need to import the keys before invoking yum.

rpm --import /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-18-primary

yum update

Reboot your system before continuing with the installation.

Retrieve the F18_loncapa_yum file from the LON-CAPA install site:

wget http://install.loncapa.org/versions/fedora/18/F18_loncapa_yum.conf

Install the F18_loncapa_yum.conf

mv /etc/yum.conf /etc/yum.conf.backup
cp F18_loncapa_yum.conf /etc/yum.conf

5. Installing LON-CAPA

Install prerequisites

Import the LON-CAPA encryption key

rpm --import http://install.loncapa.org/versions/fedora/RPM-GPG-KEY-loncapa


yum install LONCAPA-prerequisites

This may take some minutes due to LON-CAPA's large number of dependencies.

Update existing packages and reboot


yum update

Retrieve and execute LON-CAPA setup program

Retrieve the LON-CAPA setup with the following command:

wget http://install.loncapa.org/linux/install.tar

Extract the archive with the following command:

tar xf install.tar

This creates a directory named installation. Change to it and execute the setup script with the following commands:

cd installation

The script is used to prepare a Linux system to run LON-CAPA, and can also be used to check the configuration of a system on which LON-CAPA has already been installed. Typically, though, you will run this script only once, when you first install LON-CAPA.

The script will analyze your system to determine which actions are recommended. The script will then prompt you to choose the actions you would like taken. Once a choice has been entered for all nine possible actions, required changes will be made.

The possible actions are:

  • Create the www user/group
  • Install the package LON-CAPA uses to authenticate users.
  • Set-up the MySQL database
  • Set-up MySQL permissions
  • Configure Apache web server
  • Configure start-up of services
  • Check firewall settings
  • Stop services not used by LON-CAPA,
    e.g., services for a print server: cups daemon
  • Download LON-CAPA source code in readiness for installation

Determine LON-CAPA Settings

LON-CAPA requires a number of identifying parameters to be set in order for it to function at all. Below is a list with descriptions.

Host Type (library or access)
The server must be designated a 'library' or an 'access' server. In general you should have a library server for your instructors to create their course content on and run their courses. Students should connect to access servers. If you are doing the first install of LON-CAPA at your site, or if you are playing with it for your own edification you should make your machine a 'library' server.
LON-CAPA domain
Each site or school which installs LON-CAPA needs its own domain. Here at MSU we use 'msu'. You should choose something short but meaningful. Restriction: no spaces, underscores or special characters (besides - and .).
Domain names which include a departmental abbreviation are not recommended as although LON-CAPA may start in a single department, other departments frequently join subsequently. For a domain name: 'msu' is a superior choice to 'msuphys' for example.
LON-CAPA host id
Each LON-CAPA server requires a unique internal name. We use names such as "msul1" for the first library server. Restriction: One word, no hyphens, underscores, or special characters.
Domain's Primary Library Server ID
If you are setting up a domain with a single library server, then the domain's primary library server ID will be the LON-CAPA host id of that server (e.g., msul1). Once your domain grows and you need to add more servers, one of the library servers in the domain should be assigned as the domain's primary library server. This will be where domain-wide settings will be stored.
Host administrator email
The amount of email sent to this address is relatively minimal. Messages are sent every time the system starts up, or if the system is in serious trouble. On a laptop, make this root@localhost.
Support email address
If you enter an e-mail address here, then users of the system will be able to click an "Ask Helpdesk" link in the system to display a web form which they will complete to request support from your institution's helpdesk. On form submission the contents will be sent to the e-mail address you specify.

Configuring LON-CAPA

To configure and install LON-CAPA, execute the following commands:

cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z     (X.Y.Z should correspond to a version number like '2.10.1')

You will need to enter the LON-CAPA configuration information you determined in the previous section.

6. Creating a Domain Coordinator

You will need at least one user at your site who has the role of 'domain coordinator'. This user creates accounts for other users and grants them additional privileges. The make_domain_coordinator.pl script invoked below requires that you enter the user's password. The "passwd username" command can be used to change the password later. Replace USERNAME and DOMAIN with an appropriate user name and your domain.

cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z/loncom/build
perl make_domain_coordinator.pl USERNAME DOMAIN

7. Start/Restart Services

The LON-CAPA network services take a moment to start. Most misconfigurations will be apparent at this step.

/etc/init.d/loncontrol start
/bin/systemctl start httpd.service

If you receive warnings when starting the httpd about missing perl modules, please make sure you followed the instructions in Installing LON-CAPA Dependencies. If you still have errors, please contact the MSU LON-CAPA group.

8. Log in to your LON-CAPA Machine

Point a web browser at your new machine and log in as the domain coordinator. Congratulations!

If things aren't working right

If you've followed the steps above and the server doesn't start or you think there's something wrong, please send a help request to the MSU LON-CAPA group. If there were errors in installation of the dependency RPMs or errors during the automatic setup, please send us as much information as possible. If some part of this document is unclear please let us know.

Contact Us: lon-capa@lon-capa.org

Supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF-ITR 0085921, NSF-CCLI-ASA 0243126, and NSF-CCLI 0717790. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Initial funding for CAPA has been provided by the Alfred. P. Sloan Foundation and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.


©2013 Michigan State University Board of Trustees.