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Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Server
Installing LON-CAPA on a basic Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Server
This document guides you through the process of setting up a new LON-CAPA server running Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Server with only the base set of packages installed. The computer will be configured solely as a LON-CAPA server and will be expected to have no other services running. Your server is expected to have a reasonably fast connection to the internet.
More information is available at http://install.lon-capa.org/.
Before you begin
Installing Linux is getting easier and easier. You will be required to log in to the machine and execute some routine Unix commands. Familiarity with the Apache web server, mod_perl, perl, and MySQL are not required to install and run LON-CAPA.
The installation process takes the following steps:
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (server install) isos can be obtained from links on the Ubuntu Releases page at mirrors.kernel.org.
You will need to know the following network settings for your installation. Note:You must have a static IP address to use LON-CAPA. DHCP is not supported.
Installing Ubuntu Linux is easy. Documentation is available from https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Installation/ Most of the installation screens are self explanatory. There are a few steps that require comment and are dealt with below.
Finish installing your server, reboot it, and log in with the username you created during installation.
Use ufw to allow incoming traffic for the following services: ssh, www, https
sudo ufw default deny sudo ufw enable sudo ufw allow ssh sudo ufw allow www sudo ufw allow https
By default Ubuntu disallows mailing to remote domains. Change using
sudo dpkg-reconfigure exim4-config
Update your system to the latest versions of the system software using apt-get
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade
If kernel packages were updated, reboot your system before continuing with the installation.
Retrieve the ubuntu8_LTS_sources.list file from the LON-CAPA install site:
mv /etc/apt/sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list.backup cp ubuntu8_LTS_sources.list /etc/apt/sources.list
Import the LON-CAPA encryption key
wget http://install.loncapa.org/versions/ubuntu/APT-GPG-KEY-loncapa.asc sudo apt-key add APT-GPG-KEY-loncapa.asc sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install loncapa-prerequisites
This may take some minutes due to LON-CAPA's large number of dependencies.
Retrieve and execute LON-CAPA setup program
Retrieve the LON-CAPA setup script and dependencies with the following command:
Extract the archive with the following command:
tar xf install.tar
This creates a directory named installation. Change to it and execute the setup script with the following commands:
cd installation sudo ./install.pl
The script is used to prepare a Linux system to run LON-CAPA, and can also be used to check the configuration of a system on which LON-CAPA has already been installed. Typically, though, you will run this script only once, when you first install LON-CAPA.
The script will analyze your system to determine which actions are recommended. The script will then prompt you to choose the actions you would like taken. Once a choice has been entered for all nine possible actions, required changes will be made.
The possible actions are:
Determine LON-CAPA Settings
LON-CAPA requires a number of identifying parameters to be set in order for it to function at all. Below is a list with descriptions.
To configure and install LON-CAPA, become root and execute the following commands:
sudo -i cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z (X.Y.Z should correspond to a version number like '2.10.0') ./UPDATE
You will need to enter the LON-CAPA configuration information you determined in the previous section.
You will need at least one user at your site who has the role of 'domain coordinator'. This user creates accounts for other users and grants them additional privileges. The make_domain_coordinator.pl script invoked below requires that you enter the user's password. Replace USERNAME and DOMAIN with an appropriate username and your domain.
cd /root/loncapa-X.Y.Z/loncom/build perl make_domain_coordinator.pl USERNAME DOMAIN
The LON-CAPA network services take a moment to start. Most misconfigurations will be apparent at this step. Lastly, exit from root status to resume use of your regular account.
/etc/init.d/loncontrol start /etc/init.d/apache2 restart exit
If you receive warnings when starting Apache about missing perl modules, please make sure you followed the instructions in Installing prerequisites. If you still have errors, please contact the MSU LON-CAPA group.
Point a web browser at your new machine and log in as the domain coordinator. Congratulations!
If things aren't working right
If you've followed the steps above and the server doesn't start or you think there's something wrong, please send a help request to the MSU LON-CAPA group. If there were errors in installation of the dependency .deb packages or errors during the automatic setup, please send us as much information as possible. If some part of this document is unclear please let us know.
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Supported by the National Science Foundation under NSF-ITR 0085921, NSF-CCLI-ASA 0243126, and NSF-CCLI 0717790. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Initial funding for CAPA has been provided by the Alfred. P. Sloan Foundation and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
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